Plus Token Sold Off $3 Billion-Worth Digital Money Placed by 10 Million Cryptocurrency Owners

Plus Token, a blockchain based mobile wallet company operated by Chinese nationals was able to entice about 10 million cryptocurrency users to store their digital money in the company, by promising them high yields of interests. Although blockchain reviewers voiced doubts about Plus Token as a legit cryptocurrency operator, the ewallet site was able to gain the trust of cryptocurrency users, which numbered to as many as 10 million Plus Token members by July 2019.

Unknown to the millions of members, Plus Token was into a Ponzi-like scheme of paying dividends using digital money coming from new cryptocurrency investors.However in July of this year, Primitive Ventures, another blockchain-based company owned by Dovey Wan took notice of the ongoing mass sell-off being carried out by the fraudulent Chinese company.

Ms. Wan alerted players in the cryptocurrency ecosystem by sending out tweets about the Plus Token mass sell-offs. She called on other cryptocurrency exchange operators to blacklist the company. According to Ms. Wan, Plus Token still has control of a large amount of cryptocurrency which it still intends to dump and launder using various digital wallets linked to Plus Token.

In order to hasten preventive actions, Ms. Wan attached investigative data gathered by Peckshield, a security audit firm and the e-wallet addresses associated with Plus Token. The Peckshield report showed how real money flowed from PlusToken to the questionabl e-wallets early in July, the same time when Plus Token started dumping the digital money entrusted to the company by millions of cryptocurrency owners.

In a recent oped written by Ms. Wan for Coingraph, she reported that Chinese authorities have already hunted down the core team running the Plus Token cryptocurrency Ponzi scheme. Six of the Plus Token Chinese nationals were extradited to mainland China by Vanuatu, an island country located in the South Pacific.

Crypto Analytics Firm Explains How Plus Token Navigated the Sell-Off

London-based crypto-analytic firm Token Analyst said Plus Token did not sell off cryptocurrencies directly to exchange and trading sites. Instead, the fraudulent company used online mixing services to obscure the origins of the blockchain transactions, before they eventually reached the e-wallet addresses owned by Plus Token.

What Do Online Mixing Services Do in the Cryptocurrency System?

Although using cryptocurrencies allows users to hide their identity when using digital money for peer-to-peer and other online transactions, there is still a database in which comprehensive information about cryptocurrency transactions are stored. Keep in mind that cryptocurrency transactions require the real identity of the owner, but are kept confidential when recorded as blockchain entries through the use of key codes.

Each movement of a specific amount of cryptocurrency, indicates all keycodes involved in a chain of cryptocurrency encryptions that recorded the transfers of digital money. Anyone who would be interested in knowing the true identity of a cryptocurrency source can simply trace it through the related blockchain database.

This is where online mixing services play an important role. The services they offer involve mixing their customer’s cryptocurrency funds with cryptocurrency funds owned by other people. That way, the trail leading back to the original owner of the digital money will be obscured.

Understanding How Blockchain Technology Makes the Use of Virtual Money Possible

Blockchain technology is a method that makes it possible for Internet users, to send and/or receive money without need to use a third party infrastructure. Using a specific blockchain application and by way of cryptography, money remains confidential and virtual for as long as transfers are made and recorded in the open ledger of a blockchain platform.

 

 

The blockchain platform supplies the “private key” or the verification code needed by each transacting party, either as a cryptocurrency sender or recipient. Without a private key, the cryptocurrency cannot be transferred or recorded in the blockchain ledger. The inclusion of a private key encryption therefore, renders the cryptocurrency transaction valid.

Correlated to the “private key” is the “public key,” the latter being the open cryptographic message generated by the blockchain application to identify every cryptocurrency transactions recorded in its blockchain ledger. A blockchain cryptograph entry therefore represents the public key and a valid private key.

How the Blockchain Platform Records and Links All Related Cryptocurrency Data

The blockchain ledger is open as it allows verification of transactions as they occur.

A specific blockchain recording, starts by linking the origin of the cryptocurrency in use. The original cryptocurrency transaction may be related to the purchase of the virtual money for a specific value using actual cash. The virtual money may have originated from a cryptocurrency exchange platform or cryptocurrency wallet provider.

Another origin of a specific cryptocurrency is when a miner earns it by solving all transactions connected in a particular blockchain ledger.

In both cases, a public key to identify the original transaction is generated, while the procurer or miner receiving the cryptocurrency will obtain a “private key.” If a portion or all of the original cryptocurrency received will be sent to another blockchain platform user, the private key encryption of the new owner will be recorded in the blockchain ledger.

The new recipient will likewise receive his or her own “private key,” as it gives the recipient valid authority to use the cryptocurrency for his or her own blockchain transaction.

In every blockchain transaction, the public key identifying the cryptocurrency transaction must come with a corresponding “private key,” to allow confirmation that the transaction is connected to a particular series of blockchain entries.

A cryptocurrency may be in bitcoin denomination or any other type, classified as alternative coins to the widely used bitcoin. Some examples of alternative coins or altcoins are Ethereum,Litecoin, Ripple, Dash and Cardano.

How to Convert Cryptocurrency into Actual Cash?

Still using cryptography, virtual money or cryptocurrency can be converted back into actual cash through a cryptocurrency exchange platform. The platform may be one that belongs to a third party cryptocurrency broker or a peer-peer network of cryptocurrency users.

The commutation of virtual currency into actual cash will again be recorded as a related part of the series of blockchain transactions; tying it up to the initial blockchain entry identifying the method of how the cryptocurrency was obtained. Once the public key and the private key has been verified through the blockchain platform, actual exchange of cryptocurrency into cash will be allowed to take place.

Understanding the Essence of the Cash Flow Statement as Part of Financial Reports

Preparing a Cash Flow Statement has become an integral part of the financial reporting system. Aside from presenting reports on how much a business entity earned as Net Income and of its Net Worth for a given period, it has been mandatory since 1987, to provide information by way of a Cash Flow Statement on how business funds were obtained and used rationally.

Business owners therefore must require periodic submission of an Income and Expense Statement, a Balance Sheet and a Cash Flow Statement. That way, the summarized results of business operations and administration are available for periodic review and analysis, in order to determine impact, progress, and for pinpointing areas that need improvement.

Components of a Cash Flow Statement

Simply stated, a Cash Flow Statement (CFS) presents a summary of how much funds entered the business, and of how much of those funds were used during the period.

The CFS is structured in a way that will reflect how the end-of-period Cash and Cash Equivalents reconcile with the Net Income after all funds generated and disbursed for Operational Activities, Investing Activities and Financing Activities, and other non-cash elements have been taken into account.

Cash Equivalents by the way refer to short term investments held by a business, as they can be easily sold and converted into cash at any given time.

Cash Flow Coming from Operational Activities

In this section, the CFS presents the total revenues earned by the business entity throughout a period, purely derived from operating the business, whilst mainly using the entity’s assets. In addition, this section also shows how much of the revenues generated were used in paying off related operational and administrative costs for the same period.

Non-cash values such as depreciation, accruals and unearned portion of revenues occuring during the period of operation will likewise be presented in this section, but as reconciling items.

Cash Flow from Investment Activities

Investment earnings pertain to funds generated thru non-operational activities but still involving the assets of the business; such as selling of long-term assets like property and equipment, as well as earnings collected from maturing investment ventures like marketable securities and other cash equivalents.

In the same way, any amount used in purchasing property and equipment, including software, and/or placed as investment in marketable securities shall be reflected under this section.

Cash Flow from Financing Activities

Financing funds increase the size and composition of the business capital or equity, like those obtained from borrowings including funds acquired by way of bonds, or from issuances of additional shares of stocks.

On the other hand, other factors may change the composition of the business capital, like repayment of borrowings including interests, and/or payment of dividends.